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TWD+01

D. S. Tuch, V. J. Wedeen, A. M. Dale, J.S. George, J. W. Belliveau. Conductivity tensor mapping of the human brain using diffusion tensor MRI. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 98(20):11697-11701, 2001.

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Abstract

Knowledge of the electrical conductivity properties of excitable tissues is essential for relating the electromagnetic fields generated by the tissue to the underlying electrophysiological currents. Efforts to characterize these endogenous currents from measurements of the associated electromagnetic fields would significantly benefit from the ability to measure the electrical conductivity properties of the tissue noninvasively. Here, using an effective medium approach, we show how the electrical conductivity tensor of tissue can be quantitatively inferred from the water self-diffusion tensor as measured by diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging. The effective medium model indicates a strong linear relationship between the conductivity and diffusion tensor eigenvalues (respectively, final sigma and d) in agreement with theoretical bounds and experimental measurements presented here (final sigma/d approximately 0.844 +/- 0.0545 S small middle dots/mm(3), r(2) = 0.945). The extension to other biological transport phenomena is also discussed

Keywords

[ Brain/*anatomy & histology/physiology ] [ *brain mapping/instrumentation/methods ] [ Diffusion ] [ Electroencephalography ] [ Human ] [ *magnetic resonance imaging ] [ Magnetoencephalography ] [ Models ] [ Neurological ] [ Support ] [ Non-u.s. gov't ] [ Support ] [ U.s. gov't ] [ Non-p.h.s. ] [ Support ] [ U.s. gov't ] [ P.h.s. ]

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D. S. Tuch
V. J. Wedeen
A. M. Dale
J. S. George
J. W. Belliveau

BibTex Reference

@article{TWD+01,
   Author = {Tuch, D. S. and Wedeen, V. J. and Dale, A. M. and George, J.S. and Belliveau, J. W.},
   Title = {Conductivity tensor mapping of the human brain using diffusion tensor {MRI}},
   Journal = {Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A},
   Volume = {98},
   Number = {20},
   Pages = {11697--11701},
   Year = {2001}
}

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