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M. C. Schmid, A. Oeltermann, C. Juchem, N. K. Logothetis, S. M. Smirnakis. Simultaneous EEG and fMRI in the macaque monkey at 4.7 Tesla. Magn Reson Imaging, 24(4):335-42, 2006.


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Simultaneous electroencephalography (EEG)/functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) acquisition can identify the brain networks involved in generating specific EEG patterns. Yet, the combination of these methodologies is hampered by strong artifacts that arise due to electromagnetic interference during magnetic resonance (MR) image acquisition. Here, we report corrections of the gradient-induced artifact in phantom measurements and in experiments with an awake behaving macaque monkey during fMRI acquisition at a magnetic field strength of 4.7 T. Ninety-one percent of the amplitude of a 10 microV, 10 Hz phantom signal could successfully be recovered without phase distortions. Using this method, we were able to extract the monkey EEG from scalp recordings obtained during MR image acquisition. Visual evoked potentials could also be reliably identified. In conclusion, simultaneous EEG/fMRI acquisition is feasible in the macaque monkey preparation at 4.7 T and holds promise for investigating the neural processes that give rise to particular EEG patterns


M. C. Schmid
A. Oeltermann
C. Juchem
N. K. Logothetis
S. M. Smirnakis

BibTex Reference

   Author = {Schmid, M. C. and Oeltermann, A. and Juchem, C. and Logothetis, N. K. and Smirnakis, S. M.},
   Title = {Simultaneous {EEG} and f{MRI} in the macaque monkey at 4.7 {T}esla},
   Journal = {Magn Reson Imaging},
   Volume = {24},
   Number = {4},
   Pages = {335--42},
   Year = {2006}

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