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G. Srivastava, S. Crottaz-Herbette, K.M. Lau, G.H. Glover, V. Menon. ICA-based procedures for removing ballistocardiogram artifacts from EEG data acquired in the MRI scanner. Neuroimage, 24(1):50-60, 2005.


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Electroencephalogram (EEG) data acquired in the MRI scanner contains significant artifacts, one of the most prominent of which is ballistocardiogram (BCG) artifact. BCG artifacts are generated by movement of EEG electrodes inside the magnetic field due to pulsatile changes in blood flow tied to the cardiac cycle. Independent Component Analysis (ICA) is a statistical algorithm that is useful for removing artifacts that are linearly and independently mixed with signals of interest. Here, we demonstrate and validate the usefulness of ICA in removing BCG artifacts from EEG data acquired in the MRI scanner. In accordance with our hypothesis that BCG artifacts are physiologically independent from EEG, it was found that ICA consistently resulted in five to six independent components representing the BCG artifact. Following removal of these components, a significant reduction in spectral power at frequencies associated with the BCG artifact was observed. We also show that our ICA-based procedures perform significantly better than noise-cancellation methods that rely on estimation and subtraction of averaged artifact waveforms from the recorded EEG. Additionally, the proposed ICA-based method has the advantage that it is useful in situations where ECG reference signals are corrupted or not available


G. Srivastava
S. Crottaz-Herbette
K.M. Lau
G. H. Glover
V. Menon

BibTex Reference

   Author = {Srivastava, G. and Crottaz-Herbette, S. and Lau, K.M. and Glover, G.H. and Menon, V.},
   Title = {I{CA}-based procedures for removing ballistocardiogram artifacts from {EEG} data acquired in the {MRI} scanner},
   Journal = {Neuroimage},
   Volume = {24},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {50--60},
   Year = {2005}

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