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T. D. Lagerlund, F. W. Sharbrough, C. R. Jack Jr, B. J. Erickson, D. C. Strelow, K. M. Cicora, N. E. Busacker. Determination of 10-20 system electrode locations using magnetic resonance image scanning with markers. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol, 86(1):7-14, 1993.


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We determined locations of 33 scalp electrodes used for electroencephalographic (EEG) recording by placing markers in the positions determined by the 10-20 system and performing magnetic resonance image (MRI) scanning on volunteer subjects. Small Vaseline-filled capsules glued on the scalp with collodion produced easily delineated regions of increased signal on standard MRI head images. Measurements of each capsule's coordinates in 3 dimensions were made from MRI scans. A spherical surface was fitted through the marker positions, giving an average radius and an origin (center of sphere). The coordinate axes were rotated to ensure that electrode Cz was on the z-axis and that the y-axis was oriented in the posterior-anterior direction. Two spherical (angular) coordinates were determined for each electrode. Spherical electrode coordinates for different subjects differed by less than 20 degrees in all cases. An average and standard deviation of the spherical coordinates were calculated for each electrode. Standard deviations of several degrees were obtained. The average spherical coordinates obtained were close to those expected on the basis of applying the 10-20 system of placement to an ideal sphere. These measurements provide data necessary for various analyses of EEG performed to help localize epileptic foci


[ Brain/anatomy & histology/*physiology ] [ Brain mapping ] [ Electrodes ] [ Electroencephalography/*instrumentation ] [ Female ] [ Human ] [ *magnetic resonance imaging ] [ Male ]


T. D. Lagerlund
F. W. Sharbrough
C. R. Jack Jr.
B. J. Erickson
D. C. Strelow
K. M. Cicora
N. E. Busacker

BibTex Reference

   Author = {Lagerlund, T. D. and Sharbrough, F. W. and Jack Jr, C. R. and Erickson, B. J. and Strelow, D. C. and Cicora, K. M. and Busacker, N. E.},
   Title = {Determination of 10-20 system electrode locations using magnetic resonance image scanning with markers},
   Journal = {Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol},
   Volume = {86},
   Number = {1},
   Pages = {7--14},
   Year = {1993}

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