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CGL03

K. Caesar, L. Gold, M. Lauritzen. Context sensitivity of activity-dependent increases in cerebral blood flow. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 100(7):4239-44, 2003.

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Abstract

Functional neuroimaging in humans is used widely to study brain function in relation to human disease and cognition. The neural basis of neuroimaging signals is probably synaptic activity, but the effect of context, defined as the interaction between synaptic inhibition, excitation, and the electroresponsive properties of the targeted neurons, is not well understood. We examined here the effect of interaction of synaptic excitation and net inhibition on the relationship between electrical activity and vascular signals in the cerebellar cortex. We show that stimulation of the net inhibitory parallel fibers simultaneously with stimulation of the excitatory climbing fibers leads to a further rise in total local field potentials (LFP) and cerebral blood flow (CBF) amplitudes, not a decrease, as predicted from theoretical studies. However, the combined stimulation of the parallel and climbing fiber systems produced changes in CBF and LFP that were smaller than their algebraic sum evoked by separate stimulation of either system. This finding was independent of the starting condition, i.e., whether inhibition was superimposed on a state of excitation or vice versa. The attenuation of the increases in LFP and CBF amplitudes was similar, suggesting that synaptic activity and CBF were coupled under these conditions. The result might be explained by a relative neuronal refractoriness that relates to the intrinsic membrane properties of Purkinje cells, which determine the recovery time of these cells. Our work implies that neuronal and vascular signals are context-sensitive and that their amplitudes are modulated by the electroresponsive properties of the targeted neurons

Keywords

[ Animals ] [ Blood flow velocity/*physiology ] [ Brain/blood supply/*physiology ] [ Cerebrovascular circulation/*physiology ] [ Electric stimulation ] [ Humans ] [ Laser-doppler flowmetry ] [ Male ] [ Membrane potentials/physiology ] [ Microelectrodes ] [ Olivary nucleus/blood supply/physiology ] [ Purkinje cells/physiology ] [ Rats ] [ Rats ] [ Wistar ] [ Research support ] [ Non-u.s. gov't ] [ Synapses/physiology ]

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K. Caesar
L. Gold
M. Lauritzen

BibTex Reference

@article{CGL03,
   Author = {Caesar, K. and Gold, L. and Lauritzen, M.},
   Title = {Context sensitivity of activity-dependent increases in cerebral blood flow},
   Journal = {Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A},
   Volume = {100},
   Number = {7},
   Pages = {4239--44},
   Year = {2003}
}

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