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G. Bonmassar, D. P. Schwartz, A. K. Liu, K. K. Kwong, A. M. Dale, J. W. Belliveau. Spatiotemporal brain imaging of visual-evoked activity using interleaved EEG and fMRI recordings. NeuroImage, 13(6):1035-1043, 2001.


Combined analysis of electroencephalography (EEG) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has the potential to provide higher spatiotemporal resolution than either method alone. In some situations, in which the activity of interest cannot be reliably reproduced (e.g., epilepsy, learning, sleep states), accurate combined analysis requires simultaneous acquisition of EEG and fMRI. Simultaneous measurements ensure that the EEG and fMRI recordings reflect the exact same brain activity state. We took advantage of the spatial filtering properties of the bipolar montage to allow recording of very short (125-250 ms) visual-evoked potentials (VEPs) during fMRI. These EEG and fMRI measurements are of sufficient quality to allow source localization of the cortical generators. In addition, our source localization approach provides a combined EEG/fMRI analysis that does not require any manual selection of fMRI activations or placement of source dipoles. The source of the VEP was found to be located in the occipital cortex. Separate analysis of EEG and fMRI data demonstrated good spatial overlap of the observed activated sites. As expected, the combined EEG/fMRI analysis provided better spatiotemporal resolution than either approach alone. The resulting spatiotemporal movie allows for the millisecond-to-millisecond display of changes in cortical activity caused by visual stimulation. These data reveal two peaks in activity corresponding to the N75 and the P100 components. This type of simultaneous acquisition and analysis allows for the accurate characterization of the location and timing of neurophysiological activity in the human brain


[ Adult ] [ *brain mapping ] [ Computer graphics ] [ Data display ] [ Dominance ] [ Cerebral/physiology ] [ *electroencephalography ] [ Evoked potentials ] [ Visual/*physiology ] [ Female ] [ Human ] [ *image enhancement ] [ *image processing ] [ Computer-assisted ] [ Imaging ] [ Three-dimensional ] [ *magnetic resonance imaging ] [ Male ] [ Occipital lobe/*physiology ] [ Photic stimulation ] [ Support ] [ Non-u.s. gov't ] [ Support ] [ U.s. gov't ] [ P.h.s. ]


G. Bonmassar
D. P. Schwartz
A. K. Liu
K. K. Kwong
A. M. Dale
J. W. Belliveau

BibTex Reference

   Author = {Bonmassar, G. and Schwartz, D. P. and Liu, A. K. and Kwong, K. K. and Dale, A. M. and Belliveau, J. W.},
   Title = {Spatiotemporal brain imaging of visual-evoked activity using interleaved {EEG} and f{MRI} recordings},
   Journal = {NeuroImage},
   Volume = {13},
   Number = {6},
   Pages = {1035--1043},
   Year = {2001}

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